Botswana Looks ahead knowing that:
- Debswana is the world’s largest diamond producer by value.
- Jwaneng Mine is the richest diamond mine on the planet by value.
- Jwaneng Mine is the richest piece of real estate in the world, valued at five times an equivalent piece of land in Tokyo, Japan.
- It is rated the top sub-Saharan African country in all elements of governance.
- Botswana ranks in the top quartile of various governance indices worldwide.
- Botswana has maintained one of the world’s highest economic growth rates since independence in 1966.
Botswana is a member of the
- United Nations
- The Organisation of African Unity (OAU)
- The Commonwealth
- Southern African Development Community (SADC)
- African Union (AU)
- Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
- Southern African Customs Union (SACU)
- The implementation committee of NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development)
The republic of Botswana is a multi-party democracy. It became independent on 30th September 1966. It has an executive President as Head of State. The national assembly elects the President for a term of five years. The current President is His Excellency Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama.
Botswana is roughly the size of France or Texas. Its surface area is 581,730 km2. It is entirely landlocked, bordered by its neighbours South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Botswana is 84% covered by the Kalahari (Kgalagadi) Desert. Most of the population is settled in the east and south east of the country.
The total population estimate in 2011 was 2,024,904, growing at a rate of 1.9% per annum. The population is heavily weighted towards younger age groups. About 33% of the population is younger than 15 years of age. Over 63% of the population is settled in urban areas (cities, towns and urban villages).
Gaborone, in the extreme south east, is the capital city of Botswana. Its population is approximately 232,000. It has good connections by road and air to South Africa. Other main towns are Francistown (98,961), Lobatse (29,007), Selebi Phikwe (49,411), Jwaneng (18,008), Orapa (9,531) and Sowa (3,598).